Blood Sugar Chart

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Diabetes Facts

There are a number of things about diabetes that most will find shocking to know. Even though diabetes is a commonly known illness in this modern world, there are some facts about this disease that have been overlooked by the masses. Some of them include;

  • There are about one third of people who develop diabetes without even realizing it.
  • Type 2 diabetes is a silent disease and does not portray many physical and easily recognizable symptoms for doctors to diagnose it.
  • Type 1 diabetes is quite rare and makes up about only 5% of the population.
  • For people who are at risk of developing diabetes, whether that is due to genetic factors or environmental factors, reducing ones weight by 10 or 15 pounds, mixed with about 30 minutes of exercise, at a moderate pace, will reduce a person’s likeliness of developing the disease.
  • Diabetics do not need to eat a particular kind of meal or follow a diet plan. Their meals are the same as for a person who does not have diabetes.
  • Diabetes is the leading issues which has been known to lead to blindness in working adults.
  • People who have diabetes are two times as likely to develop heart disease as compared to people without it.
  • Getting a control on blood sugar levels in diabetes reduces a person’s risk of developing complications and also helps to prevent any existing complications from getting worse.
  • Having bariatric surgery is one way to reduce the symptoms of diabetes in a significant way for obese people.
  • Diabetes is an expensive disease to have to live with. It costs patients about $174 billion on an annual basis. Including $166 billing for direct medical expenses.

Types of Diabetes

There are 2 types of diabetes which are used by healthcare professionals for categorization. They include;

  1. Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a more critical type of diabetes which is known as insulin dependent diabetes. It is mostly diagnosed in patients during childhood and is affected closely by genetics. It is a form of an autoimmune disorder in which the body begins to attack the pancreases with a number of antibodies. The pancreas thus stops producing insulin naturally. This leads to a number of health problems down the line.

Risk Factors

  • Age plays a vital role, type 1 diabetes is mostly diagnosed in people under 14
  • Family history of type 1 diabetes increases the risk
  1. Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, in most cases is not severe and is mostly highly treatable with the modern methods available. Type 2 diabetes is also linked to genetics but it can also develop in people who have a high genetic disposition. It is the most common form of diabetes in the world and amounts for about 90% of all cases. This type of diabetes is mostly diagnosed in adulthood but as of late it is becoming more common in children, as well as tens due to changes in diets and lifestyles. Obesity is one of the major risk factors that could potentially lead to type 2 diabetes.

Those with type 2 diabetes are still able to naturally produce insulin within their bodies but the body is unable to use it in an effective way. This leads to imbalances in blood sugar levels and can cause trouble in blood vessel, kidneys, eyes and nerves. Currently there is no available cure for diabetes but the condition can be managed without much issue in most cases.

Risk Factors

  • Family history
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Asian Americans, Native Americans, Pacific Islanders (Hawaiians, Samoans, Tongans), African Americans and Hispanic Americans are at a higher risk
  • Those over the age of 45 are at an increased risk
  • Depression increases a person’s chances of type 2 diabetes

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